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Android搜索框组件SearchView的基本使用方法

2020-11-06 18:58:19 阅读数 4724 收藏 0

SearchView是android系统中内置的一个搜索框组件,可以很方便在添加在用户界面之上,但是也带来了一些问题,那就是searchview的UI是固定的,定制起来会很麻烦,如果对SearchView的要求比较高,完全可以采用button和EditText自己实现。这里先简单的说说SearchView的使用:

main.xml:


<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
 android:layout_width="match_parent"
 android:layout_height="match_parent"
 android:orientation="vertical"
 tools:context=".Main" >

 <SearchView
  android:id="@+id/sv"
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:imeOptions="actionGo" />

</LinearLayout>

在显示suggestion的时候会用到下面的布局文件:mytextview.xml


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
 android:layout_width="match_parent"
 android:layout_height="50sp"
 android:orientation="vertical" >

 <TextView
  android:id="@+id/textview"
  android:layout_width="match_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:gravity="center_vertical"
  android:paddingLeft="5sp"
  android:textSize="18sp" />

</LinearLayout>

main.java:


package com.app.main;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.database.Cursor;
import android.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.SearchView;
import android.widget.SearchView.OnQueryTextListener;
import android.widget.SimpleCursorAdapter;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class Main extends Activity {

 SearchView sv = null;
 ListView lv = null;

 @Override
 protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
  setContentView(R.layout.main);

  sv = (SearchView) this.findViewById(R.id.sv);

  sv.setIconifiedByDefault(false);

  sv.setSubmitButtonEnabled(true);

  sv.setQueryHint("查询");

   //通过反射,修改默认的样式,可以从android的search_view.xml中找到需要的组件
  
  try {
   Field field = sv.getClass().getDeclaredField("mSubmitButton");

   field.setAccessible(true);

   ImageView iv = (ImageView) field.get(sv);

   iv.setImageDrawable(this.getResources().getDrawable(
     R.drawable.pointer));


  } catch (Exception e) {

   e.printStackTrace();
  }

  Cursor cursor = this.getTestCursor();

  @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
  SimpleCursorAdapter adapter = new SimpleCursorAdapter(this,
    R.layout.mytextview, cursor, new String[] { "tb_name" },
    new int[] { R.id.textview });

  sv.setSuggestionsAdapter(adapter);

  sv.setOnQueryTextListener(new OnQueryTextListener() {

   @Override
   public boolean onQueryTextChange(String str) {

    return false;
   }

   @Override
   public boolean onQueryTextSubmit(String str) {

    Toast.makeText(Main.this, str, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();

    return false;
   }

  });

 }
 
//添加suggestion需要的数据
 public Cursor getTestCursor() {

  SQLiteDatabase db = SQLiteDatabase.openOrCreateDatabase(
    this.getFilesDir() + "/my.db3", null);

  Cursor cursor = null;
  try {

   String insertSql = "insert into tb_test values (null,?,?)";

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "aa", 1 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ab", 2 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ac", 3 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ad", 4 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ae", 5 });

   String querySql = "select * from tb_test";

   cursor = db.rawQuery(querySql, null);

  } catch (Exception e) {

   String sql = "create table tb_test (_id integer primary key autoincrement,tb_name varchar(20),tb_age integer)";

   db.execSQL(sql);

   String insertSql = "insert into tb_test values (null,?,?)";

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "aa", 1 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ab", 2 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ac", 3 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ad", 4 });

   db.execSQL(insertSql, new Object[] { "ae", 5 });

   String querySql = "select * from tb_test";

   cursor = db.rawQuery(querySql, null);
  }

  return cursor;
 }

}

实现的效果如下:

以上就是搜索框组件SearchView的基本使用方法,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持编程圈。