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SQL Server查看login所授予的具体权限问题

在SQL Server数据库中如何查看一个登录名(login)的具体权限呢,如果使用SSMS的UI界面查看登录名的具体权限的话,用户数据库非常多的话,要梳理完它所有的权限,操作又耗时又麻烦,个人十分崇尚简洁、高效的方法,

在SQL Server数据库中如何查看一个登录名(login)的具体权限呢,如果使用SSMS的UI界面查看登录名的具体权限的话,用户数据库非常多的话,要梳理完它所有的权限,操作又耗时又麻烦,个人十分崇尚简洁、高效的方法,反感那些需要大量手工操作的UI界面操作方式,哪怕就是脚本,如果不能一次搞定,手工多操作几次(例如,切换数据库),都是不可接受的。最近遇到这个需求,就完善了一下之前的脚本get_login_rights_script.sql,输入登录名参数,将这个登录名所拥有的服务器角色、数据库角色、以及所授予具体对象的相关权限使用脚本查询出来,脚本分享如下:

--==================================================================================================================
--    ScriptName      :      get_login_rights_script.sql
--    Author        :      潇湘隐者  
--    CreateDate      :      2015-12-18
--    Description      :      查看某个登录名被授予的数据库对象的权限的脚本(授权脚本和回收权限脚本)
--    Note         :      
/******************************************************************************************************************
    Parameters       :                  参数说明
********************************************************************************************************************
      @login_name     :      你要查看权限的登录名(需要输入替换的参数)
********************************************************************************************************************
  Modified Date  Modified User   Version         Modified Reason
********************************************************************************************************************
  2018-08-03    潇湘隐者     V01.00.00    新建该脚本。
  2019-04-04    潇湘隐者     V01.01.00    Fix掉一个bug,某个表只允许更新某个字段,但是这里显示更新整个表。
  2019-09-25    潇湘隐者     V01.02.00    解决只能查看某个用户数据库,不能查看所有数据库的权限问题。
  2019-09-25    潇湘隐者     V01.03.00    解决数据库名包含中划线[-], 出现下面错误问题
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Msg 911, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Database 'xxxx' does not exist. Make sure that the name is entered correctly.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*******************************************************************************************************************/
DECLARE @login_name    NVARCHAR(32)= 'test1';
DECLARE @database_name   NVARCHAR(64);
DECLARE @cmdText      NVARCHAR(MAX);
IF OBJECT_ID('TempDB.dbo.#databases') IS NOT NULL
  DROP TABLE dbo.#databases;
CREATE TABLE #databases
(
  database_id    INT,
  database_name  sysname
);
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#user_db_roles') IS NOT NULL 
  DROP TABLE dbo.#user_db_roles;
CREATE TABLE dbo.#user_db_roles
(
   [DB_NAME]    NVARCHAR(64)
  ,[USER_NAME]  NVARCHAR(64)
  ,[ROLE_NAME]  NVARCHAR(64)
);
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#user_object_rights') IS NOT NULL
  DROP TABLE dbo.#user_object_rights;
CREATE TABLE dbo.#user_object_rights
(  
  [DATABASE_NAME]    NVARCHAR(128),
  [SCHEMA_NAME]     NVARCHAR(64),
  [OBJECT_NAME]     NVARCHAR(128),
  [USER_NAME]      NVARCHAR(32),
  [PERMISSIONS_TYPE]   CHAR(12),
  [PERMISSION_NAME]   NVARCHAR(128),
  [PERMISSION_STATE]   NVARCHAR(64),
  [CLASS_DESC]      NVARCHAR(64),
  [COLUMN_NAME]     NVARCHAR(32),
  [STATE_DESC]      NVARCHAR(64),
  [GRANT_STMT]      NVARCHAR(MAX),
  [REVOKE_STMT]     NVARCHAR(MAX)
)
INSERT INTO #databases
SELECT database_id ,
    name
FROM  sys.databases
WHERE name NOT IN ('model') AND state = 0; --state_desc=ONLINE 
--登录名授予的服务器角色
SELECT UserName    = u.name ,
    ServerRole   = g.name ,
    Type      = u.type,
    Type_Desc    = u.Type_Desc,
    Create_Date   = u.create_date,
    Modify_Date   = u.modify_date, 
    DenyLogin    = l.denylogin
FROM  sys.server_role_members m
    INNER JOIN sys.server_principals g ON g.principal_id = m.role_principal_id
    INNER JOIN sys.server_principals u ON u.principal_id = m.member_principal_id
    INNER JOIN sys.syslogins l ON u.name = l.name
WHERE l.name=@login_name
ORDER BY u.name,g.name;
WHILE 1= 1
BEGIN
  SELECT TOP 1 @database_name= database_name  
  FROM #databases
  ORDER BY database_id;
  IF @@ROWCOUNT =0 
    BREAK;
  SET @cmdText = N'USE ' + QUOTENAME(@database_name) + N';' +CHAR(10)
  --登录名授予的数据库角色
  SELECT @cmdText += N'INSERT INTO #user_db_roles
            SELECT DB_NAME()   AS [DB_NAME]
                ,M.NAME    AS [USER_NAME]
                ,R.NAME    AS [ROLE_NAME]
            FROM  sys.DATABASE_ROLE_MEMBERS RM
                INNER JOIN sys.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS R ON RM.ROLE_PRINCIPAL_ID = R.PRINCIPAL_ID
                INNER JOIN sys.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS M ON RM.MEMBER_PRINCIPAL_ID = M.PRINCIPAL_ID
            WHERE M.NAME=@p_login_name' + CHAR(10);
  EXEC SP_EXECUTESQL @cmdText, N'@p_login_name NVARCHAR(32)',@p_login_name=@login_name;
  SET @cmdText = N'USE ' +QUOTENAME(@database_name) + N';' +CHAR(10);
  --查看具体对象的授权问题
  SELECT @cmdText +=N'INSERT INTO dbo.#user_object_rights
            (  [DATABASE_NAME]   ,
              [SCHEMA_NAME]    ,
              [OBJECT_NAME]    ,
              [USER_NAME]     ,
              [PERMISSIONS_TYPE]  ,
              [PERMISSION_NAME]  ,
              [PERMISSION_STATE]  ,
              [CLASS_DESC]     ,
              [COLUMN_NAME]    ,
              [STATE_DESC]     ,
              [GRANT_STMT]     ,
              [REVOKE_STMT]     
            )
            SELECT DB_NAME()           AS  [DATABASE_NAME]
               , SYS.SCHEMAS.NAME       AS  [SCHEMA_NAME]
               , ob.NAME            AS  [OBJECT_NAME]
               , SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS.NAME AS  [USER_NAME]
               , dp.TYPE            AS  [PERMISSIONS_TYPE]
               , dp.PERMISSION_NAME      AS  [PERMISSION_NAME]
               , dp.STATE           AS  [PERMISSION_STATE]
               , dp.CLASS_DESC         AS  [CLASS_DESC]
               , sc.name            AS  [COLUMN_NAME]
               , dp.STATE_DESC         AS  [STATE_DESC]
               , dp.STATE_DESC + '' '' + dp.PERMISSION_NAME + '' ON [''+ SYS.SCHEMAS.NAME + ''].['' + ob.NAME + ''] TO ['' + SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS.NAME + ''];'' COLLATE LATIN1_GENERAL_CI_AS 
                               AS [GRANT_STMT] 
               , ''REVOKE '' + dp.PERMISSION_NAME + '' ON [''+ SYS.SCHEMAS.NAME + ''].['' + ob.NAME + ''] FROM ['' + SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS.NAME + ''];'' COLLATE LATIN1_GENERAL_CI_AS 
                               AS [REVOKE_STMT]
            FROM SYS.DATABASE_PERMISSIONS dp
            LEFT OUTER JOIN SYS.OBJECTS ob ON dp.MAJOR_ID = ob.OBJECT_ID 
            LEFT OUTER JOIN SYS.SCHEMAS ON ob.SCHEMA_ID = SYS.SCHEMAS.SCHEMA_ID 
            LEFT OUTER JOIN SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS ON dp.GRANTEE_PRINCIPAL_ID = SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS.PRINCIPAL_ID 
            LEFT OUTER JOIN SYS.columns sc ON ob.object_id = sc.object_id AND sc.column_id = dp.minor_id
            WHERE SYS.DATABASE_PRINCIPALS.NAME =@p_login_name
            ORDER BY PERMISSIONS_TYPE;'
  PRINT(@cmdText);
  EXEC SP_EXECUTESQL @cmdText, N'@p_login_name NVARCHAR(32)',@p_login_name=@login_name;
  DELETE FROM #databases WHERE database_name=@database_name;
END
SELECT * FROM tempdb.dbo.#user_db_roles;
SELECT * FROM dbo.#user_object_rights;
IF OBJECT_ID('TempDB.dbo.#databases') IS NOT NULL
  DROP TABLE dbo.#databases;
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#user_db_roles') IS NOT NULL 
  DROP TABLE dbo.#user_db_roles;
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb.dbo.#user_object_rights') IS NOT NULL
  DROP TABLE dbo.#user_object_rights;

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的SQL Server查看login所授予的具体权限问题,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对编程圈网站的支持!
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